What is Sumatriptan?
Sumatriptan is prescribed for acute migraine headaches in adults. It is not used to prevent migraine headaches and is not to be used for the relief of cluster headaches. It belongs to the group of medicines called triptan.
Many individuals find their headaches go away completely after taking this medication. Others find that their headaches are less painful, allowing them to be able to go back to their normal daily activities even though a migraine headache is not completely gone. Sumatriptan relieves other symptoms that occur together with a migraine headache, such as vomiting, nausea, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Sumatriptan is not an ordinary pain reliever. It will not relieve pain other than from migraine headaches. This medication is typically prescribed for people whose headaches are not relieved by aspirin, acetaminophen, and other pain relievers.
How does Sumatriptan work?
Sumatriptan is a serotonin-1 receptor agonist which narrows the brain’s blood vessels providing relief from the swelling. It reduces the triggers which cause headaches, noise and light sensitivity, nausea and vomiting brought on by migraines. It is helpful in treating moderate to severe headaches.
The drug is effective in relieving migraine symptoms. It works best at the onset of headaches leading to migraines. It still works even if it was taken after the headache has started, but the relief might take a while before taking effect.
What are the benefits of using Sumatriptan?
The main benefit of using sumatriptan is the relief it provides to an acute migraine headache. It is effective in reducing the substances in the body that triggers headache pain, sensitivity to noise or light, nausea, and vomiting.
Take ONE tablet at the onset of symptoms, dose may be repeated after at least 2 hours if migraine symptoms return. Maximum dose is 300mg in 24 hours (three 100mg tablets or six 50mg tablets).
Sumatriptan (Imigran) usually starts to work after 30 minutes
The side effects of Sumatriptan can include pain, heaviness, pressure or tightness in the chest, throat or other parts of the body, or unusual sensations, including numbness, tingling and warmth or cold. These effects may be intense but generally pass quickly. Please read the Patient Information Leaflet enclosed with your medicines for a full list of side effects.
Other common side effects include:
Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting), although this may be due to the migraine itself
Tiredness or drowsiness
Dizziness, feeling weak, or getting hot flushes
Temporary increase in blood pressure
The active ingredient in Sumatriptan is sumatriptan.
The inactive ingredients in Sumatriptan are lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, and titanium dioxide (E171). The 50 mg film-coated tablets also include triacetin and red iron oxide (E172).
Please Note: Different manufacturers of generic Sumatriptan could use different inactive ingredients in their drugs that those listed above.